Liquidity Regulation and Financial Intermediaries

Marco Macchiavelli and Luke Pettit

The Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) requires banks to hold enough liquidity to withstand a 30-day run. We study the effects of the LCR on broker-dealers, the financial intermediaries at the epicenter of the 2007–2009 crisis. The LCR brings some financial stability benefits, including a significant maturity extension of triparty repos backed by lower-quality collateral, and the accumulation of larger liquidity pools. However, it also leads to less liquidity transformation by broker-dealers. We also discuss the liquidity risks not addressed by the LCR. Finally, we show that a major source of fire-sale risk was self-corrected before the introduction of post-crisis regulations.