Business Cycles, Regime Shifts, and Return Predictability

Wei Yang

Consistent with the empirical properties of the consumption data, I develop a model in which consumption and dividend growth follow regime-switching dynamics. I show that regime-shift risk is priced in the model. Regime-shift risk exhibits dominant influence on asset prices: It generates a high equity premium and also induces time-varying risk premiums. The model explains major business cycle dependent asset market phenomena and, in particular, the stronger predictability of stock returns during recessions.