ETF Ownership and Seasoned Equity Offerings
Kevin P. Evans, Woon Sau Leung, Junqiu Li, and Khelifa Mazouz
This paper investigates the impact of ETF ownership on seasoned equity offerings (SEOs). We find that changes to ETF ownership increase firms’ propensity to conduct an SEO. ETF ownership is associated with less severe SEO announcement returns, smaller discounts, and better long-run stock returns. Issuers with higher ETF ownership also show operating outperformance in the five years after the SEO, especially those that are financially constrained and equity dependent. Our evidence is not consistent with ETF ownership exacerbating information asymmetry or mispricing encouraging opportunistic market timing. Rather, it suggests equity issuance into demand driven by greater investor participation in ETFs.